Grade 8 Science Lesson 29

Today I learned about video seeding. It’s not that easy to get started on YouTube, with over 300 videos uploaded to YouTube. Often it can be hard to get noticed. With video seeding you can have bloggers and other YouTube channels feature your videos. Before you immediately send your video to them, think about if it will help their target audience.

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Grade 8 History Lesson 55

The Rise of Adolf Hitler

1933

     Hitler was born on April 20, 1889. His father,  52 year-old Alois was a customs official who had a very strict personality and was on his third marriage at the time of Adolf’s birth. Hitler as a baby was nicknamed “Adi” and was spoiled by his mother Klara as he was her first child to live past the age of two. After retiring, Alois moved his family around seven times and Adolf was put through five schools. One of those was a Catholic school, in which he joined the choir and took voice lessons. However he was hard to handle, was described as a ringleader, and took to violent arguments with his classmates. Out of all the subjects, Adolf enjoyed world history, mostly because he had an interesting teacher, and he hated pretty much all the other teachers. One of his few friends described Adolf as “He saw everywhere only obstacles and hostility.”

He also argued with his father over whether Austria should be part of Germany. His father was pure Austrian and didn’t want Austria to became part of Germany, however Adolf did. His father also wanted him to be a civil servant, like himself while Adolf wanted to be an artist. He wanted to be an artist and painter so bad that he sabotaged his own education. You see he thought that if he did bad enough in technical school his father would put him in art school. However his father died when he was 13 and his poor marks in middle school gave him an even harder time in high school. As a high school dropout, and the head of the household at age 16, he did as he pleased rather than support his family.

Adolf blew his inheritance on the entrance exam to the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts. However his ego took a huge blow when in 1907 he was rejected twice and his mother died of cancer. Hitler was sincerely devastated. For five years Hitler found himself poverty-stricken, hardening him. He also believed that the Jewish people were a menace to society. He blamed economic problems on Jews who were prosperous. He also associated all Jews with Marxism, which he hated and considered a growing threat to Germany.

At age 24 he tried to join the army, but failed his physical exam, so he volunteered as a messenger. Hitler saw first hand the Battle of the Some and the Third Battle of Ypres. He was wounded twice, decorated twice for bravery and promoted to corporal. However when the war ended, he buried his head in his hands. With no family, no career, and no friends, there was nothing to live for but the love of war and German power. After WWI Germany was forced to regroup. And so Germany did by setting up the Weimar Republic, which gave Germany a constitution, a president, and a two house parliament. The parliament consisted of the Reichstag and the Reichsrat. Though it looked good on paper, the Weimar Republic was weak and inefficient.

Germany was ripe for revolution and the door was open for new political parties. One such party was the German Worker’s Party, which was started by Anton Drexler. It met in a beer hall in Munich, and was looking for someone to blame for Germany’s defeat in WWI. Adolf Hitler was sent to spy on Drexler and the German Worker’s Party, however as fate had it, Hitler resigned from the army and joined it. He found out that he had a “knack” for politics along with a talent for public speaking, and that people would listen to him. It was around this time also that Hitler decided to trim his mustache down to what is known most commonly as the “Hitler Mustache.”

From 1920-1921, Hitler gained control of the German Worker’s Party and renamed it to the National Socialist German Worker’s Party. “National Socialist” in German is Nationalsozialistische which abbreviated is “Nazi.” Adolf Hitler was masterful at promoting the cause of National Socialism and in 1921 the cause had grown to have 6,000 members. Hitler’s most daring rally was held on November 8-9, 1923. It was more of a revolt than a rally and was so called the Beer Hall Putsh, or Munich Putsh (Putsch means revolt.) Hitler, armed with a gun entered a Munich beer hall along with 600 hoodlums took three Bavarian officials at gunpoint to try and get them to join the Nazi ranks. They didn’t, however Hitler said they did.

For this the Bavarian government sentenced Hitler to prison for five years. However the trial backfired, and brought Hitler positive attention rather than negative. The sentence was reduced to nine months, time which Hitler used to write the first volume of Mein Kampf a mixture in his autobiography and is mission. Upon his release, Hitler finished the second volume of Mein Kampf, and recruited more men into his private army. Originally called the “Brownshirts” they  would become the Shutzstaffel or “SS” for short. By 1932 his Brownshirts numbered 500,000. Hitler continued to use propaganda to sway the crowds to his ideas, and adopted the swastika to be sewn on every banner and uniform.

In 1932, opting for a legal way to rule the nation he ran for president. However he lost to Paul Von Hindenburg, the popular military leader who lead Germany through WWI. In 1933 he maneuvered himself into the position of chancellor, the head of the Reichstag. Still Hitler continued to press on for more Nazi authority by creating an imaginary crisis. Hitler and a the SS burned the Reichstag to the ground and blamed it on the communists. Though this swayed many voters to vote Nazi, the Nazis still fell short of the majority vote. So they passed an emergency act giving Hitler four years of special power. While the Nazis were in power many died of “natural causes” and “suicide” but in reality concentration camps were popping up for anyone who opposed the Nazis. In 1934 Paul Von Hindenburg died, and one day before the Nazis passed a law meshing the position of president and chancellor into one. Which meant that Germany’s chancellor, Hitler was now president. Upon becoming the head of the state, Hitler also became the commander in chief of the army. Soldiers under him were asked to swear personal allegiance to Hitler and chant “Heil Hitler!” with an extension of their right arm towards him.

If you are wondering where the term Third Reich came from, here you go. Reich means empire or realm. The first Reich was under Otto I who formed the Holy Roman Empire in 962, The second Reich was formed under Otto von Bismarck who unified the loosely organized German states. This leads us to the Third Reich which refers to the Nazi empire.

Grade 8 Science Lesson 28

Today I learned how to be consistent with publishing videos. Think of being consistent with publishing your videos like having a favorite TV show that comes on at a certain time. It is convenient for your viewers to have a posting schedule. And people are more likely to subscribe if you are posting quality content at consistent times. It’s important to communicate when you publish new videos, preferably on the about page. And depending on what kind of channel you are, apologize if you miss a day. However if you know you are going to miss a day, let the audience know about your “down time.” In terms of frequency, strive for quality over quantity. It’s also important to be consistent with the length of your videos. As you should also be with style and type of video. If you don’t know how long your videos should be, it should be just long enough to spread your message.

Grade 8 Science Lesson 27

Today I learned about tent pole marketing. Tent pole marketing is linking your content with current trends. So say that thanksgiving day is approaching, you want to make content about thanksgiving. You can do it with movies too, say there’s a movie coming out, you could make a video about that movie. When certain things, like holidays and movies come around, people search for related things on YouTube. So it would make sense to make content related to those things.

Grade 8 History Lesson 54

Mohandas K. Gandhi

1930

     Today we will be taking a look at someone who didn’t use brute force to get what he wanted, instead Gandhi used peaceful methods to create change. Gandhi was born in 1869 in the city of Porbandar in British India. His parents were middle-class merchants of the Vaishya. Mohandas married at 13, as was Hindu custom, his bride’s name was Kasturba who Mohandas affectionately named “Ba.” In 1888, Mohandas moved to Great Britain to study law for three years. While he upheld most of the Hindu traditions he was raised to he did take dance lessons and study Buddhism and Christianity. Upon graduating from law school he headed home to India, however he found it hard to find a job.

So in 1893 he accepted a one year law position in South Africa. However he found that a steep racism for Indians existed there, after being beaten up, tossed off trains and harassed by white British South Africans. However instead of leaving he stayed, for twenty years to organize Indians in defending their own civil rights. There he also experimented with his famous non violent methods. Instead of organizing militias, he organized strikes and protests, and instead of fighting with weapons, he fought with words. Gandhi named his non-violent movement Satyagraha, which translates as “To seize truth with determination.” Strikes and protests had been done been done before but most were short lived, Gandhi’s protests lasted years at a time. He drew public attention to the British injustice and a compromise was reached to lessen the negative affect of registration cards. Gandhi also encouraged his fellow Indians to fight for the British, as he hoped that their eager participation would raise the status of the Indians among the British. He was rewarded for his roles in the Boer Wars and Zulu Rebellion. In the Zulu Rebellion the British utilized Indians to carry wounded soldiers away from the battlefield. It was while Gandhi was in charge of the “Indian Ambulance Corps” that he would reinforce his aversion to war and violence.

In 1915 Gandhi returned to India. One of the first things he did was set up the Satyagraha movement. One of Gandhi’s biggest issues with India was the inhumane status of “untouchables”, those born into one of the lowest strata of the Hindu caste system. He made it a point to hire untouchables and gave them the positive sounding name of Harijans which means “children of God.” In 1917-1918 Gandhi focused on the poor districts of Champaran and Kheda. They were already under the oppression of wealthy British land-owners when the British raised taxes on them in the middle of a crippling famine. So Gandhi stepped in and rallied the villagers to build schools and hospitals. However, of course the British government felt “threatened” and locked him up. However this proved to be a bad move as hundreds of thousands protested against Gandhi’s imprisonment, and the British government was forced to release him. Once free Gandhi pressured the British government to lift the taxes on poor Indian farmers, and he succeeded.

In 1919 Gandhi led a bigger campaign, this one against the Rowlatt Act, which the British imposed on the Indians to prevent independence. Gandhi successfully fought the Rowlatt Act using peaceful means, however not all Indians were willing to apply his peaceful methods. Because of this Gandhi abandoned his campaign to regroup and hold an extended fast. However the British took advantage of this and a ruthless general ordered his troops to open fire on a group of innocent Indians in Amritsar. About 400 innocent Indians were shot. In 1920 Gandhi pushed his people towards self sustaining industry and the boycott of British-made cloth. He did this by encouraging everyone to spin their own clothes. If you noticed from pictures of Gandhi that he didn’t wear much clothes, that’s because what he wore he spun himself. Like other countries there came a day when India declared its political freedom from Great Britain. India did so under Gandhi while he was a member of the Indian National congress. First on December 31, 1929 members of the congress raised the three color flag of India in the town of Lahore. Second on January 26, 1930 Gandhi and the congress issued a written document declaring India’s freedom from Great Britain. Third Indians, instead of fighting for their freedom with armed militias, boycotted salt in 1930.

You see, in 1882 the British controlled the salt industry in India. They made it Illegal to posses salt that was not British-made, and salt was highly taxed. So Gandhi planned to marched 241 miles to the coast of India and make their own salt. The good thing about salt is that Indians from any walk of life could relate to its essential value. So Gandhi started his journey with 79 men, however over time the crowd grew to stretch two miles. The walk from Ahmadabad to the seaside village of Dandi took 24 days. When Gandhi reached the seashore, he reached down and scooped up a lump of salty sea mud and said, “With this, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” Now because it was illegal for an Indian to make his own salt, most expected Gandhi to be arrested on the spot. However Gandhi had gained worldwide coverage and the British would not dare arrest him in front of the cameras. However after a month of waiting, the British government arrested Gandhi again, this time also arresting 60,000 Indians.

Gandhi formed an even larger campaign called the Quit India Movement. The Quit India Movement was designed to free India from British rule during WWII. However as a result Gandhi and most members of the Indian National Congress were imprisoned by the British. While in prison, Gandhi’s wife died and he contracted malaria. Since the British government didn’t want Gandhi to die in prison, for fear of national backlash, they released him for medical reasons. By the end of WWII about 100,000 Indian political prisoners were released. The fight for freedom hit another roadblock when Muslims and Hindus were no longer willing to cooperate in fighting against Great Britain together. In 1947 the Muslim League formed the new nation of Pakistan, which was divided into two parts. Eastern Pakistan is known as Bangladesh and Western Pakistan is simply Pakistan. This caused millions of Hindus to flood out of the newly formed Pakistan, while millions of Indian Muslims flooded into Pakistan. Conflict was inevitable and possibly millions died. However one day after Pakistan was formed, August 15, 1947, Great Britain set India free. Finally! Sadly Gandhi was assassinated by an Indian Hindu in January 30, 1948 for negotiating peace with Muslims.

Grade 8 Science Lesson 26

Today I learned about YouTube monetization. There are really four ways to make money on YouTube. Number one is Google AdSense, to do this you just have to monetize your videos on YouTube. The more views you have the more money you get, however by doing this you are putting your viewers through a lot of advertisement. I do not recommend this because it does not give you much, and you are sending your viewers away from your videos. And even if you have millions of viewers you could only make $500 dollars a month. Number two are affiliate products, you can make money by reviewing a product that you like and giving a link to it. Number three are sponsorships, where a company pays you to display their product. Number four is to look at YouTube as a lead generation source. Basically at the end of your videos tell them to go to your own website to learn more. It’s not really making money on YouTube, but it is drawing your whole YouTube audience to your own website.

Now a little bit more on Google AdSense. There are three things to note if you want to use Google AdSense. One, you must be 18 years or older to use it. Two, you have to make at least a hundred dollars in total to get paid. And three, you get paid the month after.